Some times during our development work we need to check wheter a config has been defined, and in most of the times we just jump to the file, which means to seek the file, open it and change it (or just see the value and leave it as it was). Laravel provide us a really simple way to find the configs. This is because Laravel uses the dot file pattern, where the configuration needed will be inside of an .env file in the root of the project.
This solution is the basic one and there is nothing wrong with it, let's resume the needed steps to get where we want:
Laravel also provide us with some defaults, when the Laravel engine don't find the needed configuration it will assume a default. The default values are defined inside the configs/ folder.
The first problem comes when we try to find each default value, to achieve that we will need to first go to the .env file, and only if the value doesn't exists we will try to find it on the config folder. This approach is the most common but as we probably noticed, we spend much time just to try to find what we need.
The approach above also revels a new kind of problem, what if we would like to see all the environment variables at once ? Unfortunatelly this is not possible without programming something inside Laravel, by creating a controller and exposing all the configs throughout the helper config();
To solve the probles listed above, Laration was born a simple Laravel package to list your configurations being used by your application
Laration is a small package (actually has only one class) and can manage your environment variables really easy. The package can be found on github and easily installed using composer.
Laration provides an interface in your command line to list the variables being used by your application divided into sections, by this you can simply see the variables from your cache, session, services and many others in your terminal, right way, without looking for further files.
From now on I'll assume that you have composer installed in your machine, if don't please follow this link and make sure you have composer globally installed.
First of all you need to have a Laravel application, if you have already skip to the next part of this post, othersie keep reading and set up your first Laravel application. Before move on, let's install the Laravel installar on composer with the following command:
Two bullets to pay attention, you do need to have composer already installed in your machine and to proceed this command should being executed with success. If any error occurrs please step back and fix it.
The next step here is to install the Laravel application, this is a matter to execute a second command in your terminal. The following command will create a new Laravel application inside a folder called laration_demo.
The image below shows us that an application has been created successfully and is ready to use. Make sure to see the same result in your terminal, if not, something went wrong. In this case try to start from the begining.
Now let's serve our newest application using Laravel's built-in server. To complete this task we are going to use Artisan.
The command above will start a local web server and it will be available to access through the port 8000, to access it go in your prefered browser and type http://localhost:8000
The message Laravel development server started on http://localhost:8000/ should be displayed, and you will have the same as in the figure below:
Finally we've got a Laravel application running, the next step will show how to install the Laration package and how to configure it.
The Laration package will work only in a Laravel based application, to install it we need to change code inside the Laravel application and the first step is to add the dependency in the composer.json. Open the file composer.json and add the following dependency to it :In the end you'll have something similar to the following image:
We are almost done, the last step is to update the dependencies. To do this go back to your terminal inside the laration_demo folder and execute the following:
The command will update all the dependencies inside your Laravel application, but as we just added one new dependency and no one has been changed you will see that composer just added the Laration package, as shown in the image below:
Finally we have both, the Laravel application and the Laration package. The last step to see Laration in action is to add the command inside the Laravel. To achieve this we are going to add a single line of code inside the file located in app/Console/Kernel.php
The Kernel.php file has an attribute called $commands, this attribute is where we must register all the commands available to be used in the application, there we are going to add the Laration command. By default it comes with and simple one line comment, as demonstrated in the code bellow:
The change will be to remove the one comment line and add the code \Marabesi\Laration::class. The final code should be the same as the below:
Of course that you may have other commands available to you application, it really depends what you have already built. In this case just append the Laration command to the end of the $command attribute. Now you've successfully installed the Laravel framework within an applicatino and the Laration package.
The last test will be on the command line. let's invoke our friend Artisan and see if the Laration has been installed.
The command should return something like the image below.
The frase "List all environment variables used" confirm that the Laration has been installed. In the same result you will be allow to see all the commands available to use within Laration.
The Laration package comes with a series of commands to list the environment variables. To get start with, we are going to see all the application variables. In order to do that we can easly invoke Laration to do this job for us.
All the variables used by the application will be shown, in this case the values should be different in the picture and yours, because the application that you have may be different. It will be the same result if you like me have installed a fresh copy of Laravel.
In the left side the keys are displayed and in the right side it's value. If the key is an array it will keep repeating itself till the last element be reached, in the picture we can see the key providers as an example of it.
For each section of configuration Laration give us a different command, but the pattern still the same. The project on github is well documented, but just for simplicity I'm going to post here all the commands and its description.
|Configuration section||Laration command|
|app||php artisan laration:list app|
|broadcasting||php artisan laration:list broadcasting|
|cache||php artisan laration:list cache|
|database||php artisan laration:list database|
|filesystem||php artisan laration:list filesystem|
|php artisan laration:list mail|
|queue||php artisan laration:list queue|
|session||php artisan laration:list session|
|view||php artisan laration:list view|
As you can see the pattern still the same, but the section changes, what turns Laration easy to use and to remember it's commands. There is a deeper content when it comes to custom enrivoments variables but it will be covered in other post in the future.
Laration came to help us in the daily bases when we are trying only to get a given value in the application environment. Laration allow us to spend the time in what is important and not trying to find where the variable needed is.
There is no way to change a given variable value by the time of this post, but of course it can change along the way.