MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 19.04 and 19.10
Ubuntu 19.04/19.10 as default comes with MySQL 8.0 as it’s default version to work with. Projects that need to use a 5.* version might run into problems in the downgrade process. This post aims to guide the installation of MySQL 5.7 on ubuntu 19.04 and ubuntu 19.10.
After trying to set up MySQL following different sources   and fail over everyone, an alternative might be the installation via .deb packages through the official MySQL website, which is explored in detail here. Also, another approach is offered using docker instead of setting up everything from scratch.
For this approach two assumptions take place, named:
- Ubuntu 19 is up and running
- Expertise handling commands via terminal (shell)
Lastly, if previous tries to install mysql 5.7 on ubuntu have been done, follow the checklist:
- Remove any MySQL installation via apt-get with the command:
sudo apt-get remove --purge mysql-server mysql-client mysql-common -y
- Remove old MySQL configuration from
/etc/mysqlwith the command:
sudo rm -rf /etc/mysql
- Keep the apt in a clean state with the command
sudo apt-get update --fix-missing
Before installation check list
Ubuntu 19 comes with MySQL 8 as the default version to be installed, to double check that
run the following command in the command line
sudo apt list | grep mysql-server,
the output should display the MySQL version current in use by apt.
mysql-server-8.0/eoan-updates,eoan-security 8.0.18-0ubuntu0.19.10.1 amd64 mysql-server-core-8.0/eoan-updates,eoan-security 8.0.18-0ubuntu0.19.10.1 amd64 mysql-server/eoan-updates,eoan-security 8.0.18-0ubuntu0.19.10.1 all
As expected, the version is 8. Even though previous references have shown how to change the MySQL via apt   in early versions of ubuntu, this approach in my experienced was not effective on ubuntu 19.*.
The explored solution might work on docker containers based on ubuntu 19.* as well.
Installing MySQL via .deb files
The first step is to download MySQL 5.7 from MySQL website , chose the ubuntu version and hit the download button, in the next phase hit “No thanks, just start my download”. It should take a few minutes to download the entire package.
Disclaimer: this installation process requires a GUI, for terminal only installations
use the direct download solution to download the
Once the download has been completed, the .tar file should be available in the
downloads folder (or in the folder where the
wget was executed), for any standard browser
installation the folder will be
~/Downloads. - For now on this is the path
referred, for custom directories replace
~/Downloads with the appropriated path.
In the terminal change the directory to where the downloaded file is located, with the command:
Once in the folder, unpack all the files with the tar  command:
tar -xvf mysql-server_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb-bundle.tar
Once the command has run, the extracted files list should contain the MySQL 5.7.* deb files:
mysql-client_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-common_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-community-client_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-community-server_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-community-source_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-server_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-testsuite_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-community-test_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb
To prevent potential issues, the test packages can be removed as they aren’t required to install or run MySQL server. To remove those files run the following command:
rm -rf mysql-testsuite_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb mysql-community-test_5.7.28-1ubuntu19.04_amd64.deb
The final command to execute the installation is:
dpkg -i mysql-*.deb
The command will select all files that start with
mysql- that has .deb extension
and will start the installation process.
Once the command has completed execution, check MySQL server status with the following command:
Which in turn, should output:
* MySQL Community Server 5.7.28 is started
Usually the MySQL service starts by default after the installation - if this is
not the case the command
/etc/init.d/mysql start can be used to start the
Errors related due the lack of dependent packages, usually can be fixed
running the command
sudo apt-get update --fix-missing after the
error message. Ubuntu will try to install the missing dependencies automatically.
EDIT: May 19 2020
Another approach to avoid the need to install MySQL on Ubuntu 19.04 or 19.10 is to use the docker image  - This solution applies to users that have the minimum understanding of docker.
The following command, runs MySQL 5.7 on por 3306, without the need to install it:
docker run --name mysql-5-7 --restart always -p 3306:3306 -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=my-secret-pw -d mysql:5.7
Docker will create a MySQL container running on port 3306 with the
root user and
- F. O. S. S. TechNix, “How To Install MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 16.04,” 2019 [Online]. Available at: https://www.fosstechnix.com/install-mysql5-on-ubuntu. [Accessed: 26-Dec-2019]
- R. Kumar, “How to Install MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS,” 2019 [Online]. Available at: https://tecadmin.net/install-mysql-5-on-ubuntu. [Accessed: 26-Dec-2019]
- O. C. and/or its affiliates, “MySQL Community Downloads,” 2019 [Online]. Available at: https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/5.7.html. [Accessed: 26-Dec-2019]
- N/A, “How to open a tar file in Unix or Linux,” 2019 [Online]. Available at: https://www.pendrivelinux.com/how-to-open-a-tar-file-in-unix-or-linux. [Accessed: 26-Dec-2019]
- Dockerhub, “MySQL Docker official image,” 2020 [Online]. Available at: https://hub.docker.com/_/mysql. [Accessed: 19-May-2020]
Table of contents
- Set up
- Before installation checklist
- Installing MySQL via .deb files
- Edit May 19 2020 - Installing MySQL via docker